Plagiarism Policy

1. Plagiarism and self-plagiarism are strictly prohibited.

2. Authors are obligated to ensure that their works are entirely original, and if they have incorporated the work or words of others, proper citation or quotation is imperative.

3. It is unethical and unacceptable for an author to generally publish manuscripts that essentially describe the same research in multiple journals or primary publications. Simultaneously submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal constitutes misconduct.

4. Authors are required to consistently acknowledge the contributions of others. Proper citations should always be provided, particularly for publications that have significantly influenced the nature of the reported work.


In the process of manuscript evaluation, the Editorial Team conducts a comprehensive examination of the document, encompassing both offline and online databases, with a focus on verifying the accuracy of citations and quotations. Additionally, the Editorial Team employs the Turnitin application to scrutinize the manuscript for any indications of plagiarism. If the analysis reveals a plagiarism rate exceeding 25%, the editorial board will promptly reject the manuscript.